Workplace Flexibility Options at a Glance

There are different types of flexible work arrangements (FWA). Some employee positions may be conducive to a particular FWA, but not others. There are pros and cons associated with each arrangement; therefore, it is important to evaluate the cost and benefit of each option.

Scheduling Flexibility

Reduction in Work Schedule

Work Location

Time Management

Team-Based Options

Flexible Scheduling

Program

Description

Benefits

Examples

Flexible Work Hours

Workday start and end times differ from the established standard (8 AM - 5 PM), yet the same number of hours-per-day is maintained

Improve efficiency to match schedule to most productive time

Gives employees more control over time

Allows commute outside of peak hours

Daily Flex (9:30 AM - 6 PM)

Core Hours (required presence)

Variable Flex

Summer Flex

Day-of-the-Week Flex

Compressed Workweeks

Enables employees to work longer days in exchange for shorter days or day off during that week or pay period

Improve productivity if some work can best be accomplished during quieter times of the day.

Provides more days off

Decreases commuting time

Allows commute outside of peak hours

4-day, 10 hour workweek (4-10)

3-day, 12 hour workweek (3-12)

4 ½ day workweek

9-day, 80 hours (9-80)

8 days/9 hours; 1 day/8 hours

Shift Flexibility

Allows employees to work with co-workers to adjust their schedules

Gives employees more control over time

Builds the team

Each employee swaps shifts

Each employee drops a shift that is picked up by co-worker.

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Reduction in Work Schedule

Program

Description

Benefits

Examples

Reduced Hours

Working less than 36 hours per week

Retains employees who need to scale back hours to manage family situations or personal needs

Expands labor pool

Provides for gradual return from leave

Allows gradual entry into retirement

Reduce full-time employment to fit the employees' unique circumstances

Job Sharing

Full-time position shared by two part-time employees

Brings broader experience and skills to the position

Allows continuity of coverage

Alternating weeks (week on and week off)

Shared or overlapping workdays

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Work Location

Program

Description

Benefits

Examples

Telecommuting

Working from a remote location one or more days a week

Offers alternative to relocation

Expands labor pool geographically

Reduces office space

Reduces or eliminates commute

Work environment with limited distractions

Decreases work-related spending

Home office

Satellite office

Traveling

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Time Management

Program

Description

Benefits

Examples

Meeting-Free Flexibility

Establishing blocks of time by workgroup when no meetings are scheduled

Creates uninterrupted blocks of time for concentrated work

Enables employees to schedule vacation time when they know they won’t miss important meetings

Enhances productivity by enabling time to focus on administrative tasks

No meeting days

No meeting weeks

Quiet Time

Establishing blocks of time to enable employees to focus on tasks

Creates uninterrupted blocks of time for concentrated work

Enhances productivity by enabling time to focus on administrative tasks

Designate one hour each day as “quiet time” when no meeting are scheduled

Daily uninterrupted time

No Early or Late Meetings

Reduce meetings that start in the early morning / late afternoon

Allow employees to take advantage of alternative transportation options

Reduces stress of rush hour commutes

Allows commute outside of peak hours

Change standing meetings from 9 AM to 10 AM, or 4 PM to 3 PM.

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Team-Based Options

Program

Description

Benefits

Examples

Work Redesign

Engaging individuals and team in determining when, where, and how work is best accomplished

Reduces employee stress and burnout

Reduces overwork

Eliminates low-value and duplicate work

Increases productivity and job satisfaction

Improves team collaboration

Teams work together to integrate workplace flexibility into the culture, address issues of overwork, inefficiencies and work-life conflict and design solutions